Monday, July 4, About Chitpavan. Very little is known of the Chitpavan before A. He was brought there on the basis of his reputation of being an efficient administrator.
He quickly gained the attention of Chhatrapati Shahu and his work so pleased the Chhatrapati that he was appointed the Peshwa or Chief Minister in He ran a well organized administration and by the time of his death inhe had laid the groundwork for the expansion of the Maratha Empire.
Since this time until the fall of the Maratha Empire, the seat of the Peshwa would be held by the members of the Chitpavan family. As Peshwa became ecclesiastical head of the state, this was not consequent upon the Peshwa's social position as a Brahman, for the chitpavan sect, to which the Peshwas belonged, was not accounted of much importance by other Brahmanic sects and by some, indeed, was considered ineligible for inclusion in the Brahmanic category.
Starting around this time, Chitpavan migrants began arriving en masse from the Konkan to Pune where the Peshwa offered all important offices to the Chitpavan caste.
The Chitpavan kin were rewarded with tax relief and grants of land. Historians cite nepotism and corruption as causes of the fall of the Maratha Empire in According to the author Anand Teltumbde, the Chitpavan Peshwa rule was infamous for its casteist character under which the oppression of the Dalits reached legendary heights. By late 18th century Chitpavans had established complete political and economic dominance in the region.
Richard Maxwell Eaton states that this rise of the Chitpavan is a classic example of social rank rising with political fortune. This usurpation of power by the Chitpvan Brahmins caused conflicts with other communities which manifested itself as late as in in the form of anti-Brahminism after the killing of Mahatama Gandhi by Nathuram Godse, a Chitpavan.
Role in the Indian politics After the fall of the Maratha Empire inthe Chitpavan lost their political dominance to the British.
The British would not subsidize the Chitpavans on the same scale that their caste-fellow, the Peshwas had done in the past. Pay and power was now significantly reduced. Poorer Chitpavan students adapted and started learning English because of better opportunities in the British administration.
Some of the prominent figures in the Hindu reform movements of the 19th and 20th centuries came from the Chitapavan Brahmin community. These reforms preached against the Hindu caste system. Yet, some of the strongest resistance to change also came from the very same community. Jealously guarding their Brahmin stature, the orthodox among the Chitpavans were not eager to see the Shastras challenged, nor the conduct of the Brahmins becoming indistinguishable from that of the Sudras.
The vanguard and the old guard clashed many times.
Ranade and other reformers were forced to offer penance for breaking purity rules. Karve was ostracised. Even Tilak made a visit to Varanasi so that he may not be excommunicated.A combined resentment was waiting to explode, and the flashpoint was the anniversary celebration, which brought out all caste contradictions.
Of the 11 sub-castes of Brahmins, not all are compatible and comfortable with each other.
The chief minister of Maharashtra is a Brahmin — a Deshastha Brahmin. The Peshwas were Chitpavan Brahmins, who ruled in the name of Chhatrapati and became the power elite of the Maratha empire.
The Peshwas did not represent, politically or culturally, the whole Brahmin or upper caste community. The Chitpavans hated and looked down upon the Deshasthas and Karade Brahmins so much so that their cultural hostility survived until very recently. Golwalkar to Mohan Bhagwat. Not a single Chitpavan has been elevated to that post, although a huge number of Chitpavans are dedicated swayamsevaks, followers or fellow travellers. The hierarchy among these Dalit subcastes is also extremely strong.
A Mahar marrying a Matang or Mang could lead to a huge, even bloody, honour conflict. Ambedkar belonged to the Mahar community. But in his enlightened and global humanist vision, he appealed to all Dalits to unite against the systemic oppression.
He did a historic and scholarly analysis of the very caste system and called it a curse which must be annihilated. But on the other side, all the Dalits could not really rally round one Ambedkarite banner. The other Dalit sub-castes did not convert to Buddhism, as most Mahars did. So there are non-Ambedkarite Dalits, divided in former untouchable sub-castes, including some Mahar groups.
In that sense, it was not a confrontation between Brahmins and Mahars. This is what made Ambedkar bring up the conflict as a sort of identity issue. But after him, even the united Dalit leadership of the late s mostly Mahars, including his grandson Prakash Ambedkar could not consolidate all Dalits, or even all Mahars. At the ground level, the hostility between the Marathas and Dalits has become sharper, particularly after the strident demand for reservation by the Marathas.
The Marathas have been in power in the state for all years during the Congress rule. This community controls the levers of political power, a large number of local co-operative banks, widespread educational and other institutions. Maratha mobilisation began on a hyper-identity scale after the Maratha-led Congress and NCP were dislodged from power and the BJP formed the government under a Brahmin chief minister.
But Dalits and OBCs were alarmed, because their reservation quota would be adversely affected. Granting reservation to the Marathas would affect their quota. So, counter morchas by the Dalits and OBCs were organised.
As a result, hostility and tension was building up across rural Maharashtra. But that combined resentment was waiting to explode one day, and it did. A conclusion appeared to have been drawn that the Dalits welcomed the British victory followed by their rule.
This conclusion infuriated the neo-nationalist and patriotic groups which have spread in the last three years. The internal rivalries and ambitions within the Dalit movement added yet another contradiction.Jump to navigation. In his acclaimed book, The Road to Sarajevo, Yugoslav historian Vladimir Dedijer enumerates 90 major political assassinations between and to showcase how most assassins had been lone wolves, with hardly any political conspiracies involved.
The possible links between Jews and Hindus
While examining the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Habsburg throne, at Sarajevo on June 28,by Serbian student Gavrilo Princip, which heralded the beginning of World War I, Prof Dedijer says that nearly all chroniclers of the event had inherently been biased in favour of the Austrians, one of the most dominant powers of the era, so much so that one German historian forged documents to prove Serb complicity.
Mahatma Gandhi's assassination at the hands of a Chitpavan Brahmin from Maharashtra evokes similar sentiments when one reads Koenraad Elst's book, Why I Killed the Mahatma: Uncovering Godse's Defence, which debunks several myths associated with the January 30, assassination. Also read: This author's new book is about love and all its facets.
The fact is, says the Belgian scholar, Nathuram Godse was hardly a Hindu fanatic. If we scrutinise their lives, Gandhi and Godse appear quite unlike how they are popularly projected. Godse seems more secular than the Mahatma himself," says Elst. The Belgian scholar quotes Godse to tell that the assassination was "exclusively political" in nature. Far from being a Hindu fanatic, he found merit in Gandhi honouring the religious texts of Hindus, Muslims and others.
It's interesting to note that this self-confessed secular nationalist blamed the British for the Pakistan movement. Here Godse's thinking, reminds Elst, appears similar to that of "India's current lot of secularists" vehemently denying the claims of Islamist ideologues that Pakistan came into existence the day Mohammed bin Qasim entered Sindh in AD. Myth 2: RSS was behind the assassination of Gandhi.
According to Elst, there are irrefutable evidences that link Godse with RSS, but to say that the Hindu outfit was hand in glove in the Mahatma's killing is deeply flawed on the one hand, and academically fraudulent and politically mischievous on the other, as he recalls Congress president Rahul Gandhi blaming the Sangh for Gandhi's assassination as recently as during the Gujarat elections. Godse, in fact, downright denied the Sangh's role in the killing. This despite the fact that the RSS not just distanced itself from the killing but also publicly refused to take an ideological position of criticising Gandhi's disastrous policies vis-a-vis Muslims and Pakistan.
The Mahatma overnight became an ideal figure whose death the Sangh mourned for 13 days "out of respect and sense of sorrow at the tragic demise of Mahatmaji", but also gave speeches in his praise.
Elst believes the RSS should have made a distinction between the assassination and the Mahatma's ideological stand. The author punches gaping holes in the RSS's alleged role in the killing when he says that the Mahatma's policies vis-a-vis Muslims in general and Pakistan in particular had only been helping the Sangh gain new grounds in the country.
If anything, Godse's crime came as a body blow for not just the Sangh as an organisation but also helped subside Hindu rage against Partition and the violence associated with it. Also read: This author's new book is about djinns and humans. Myth 3: When a big tree fell on January 30,the earth below didn't shake. Elst's study shows how the murder initiated a wave of revenge which hit the Hindu Mahasabha, RSS and most of all, the Chitpavan Brahmins.
A New York Times article soon after the assassination put the number of mortal victims in Bombay now Mumbai alone, and on the very first day, at Elst believes the death toll "may well run into several hundreds", but sadly no study has been done so far on the violence which soon took a casteist turn as the Marathas joined the killers' bandwagon to settle historical scores with the Brahimins.Source: Wikipredia.
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Chhatrapati Shivaji & Balaji Baji Rao
You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. The main motive of making Hindu Rastra to conserve Caste system and Polytheist idolism for future which is mostly made up of only imaginary identities by Brahmins. With the time they will certify you who is which caste. Crookedness is the main psychological weapon of Vedism.
Before BC there was no caste system except Sanskrit spoken clan those composed Rig. Veda or those crooks who included Purusha Sukta in Rig.
Present days less than 15 thousands people only can speak in Sanskrit and recognize their mother-tongue as Sanskrit which is even by trained not as ethnic. Sanskrit is mother of all Indian languages is a fake rumor spread by Vedic promoters. Buddhism was our first ancient major religion and it is only destroyed by Brahmins.
Brahmains are nothing but sociopaths of different linguistic races organized with a common ideology of caste system and themselves as supreme of all castes with a prime inherited profession of priests those officiate polytheist their own created imaginary deities with Sanskrit chants.
They called themselves as Aryan which is even a fake claim like their fake imaginary deities. There is no evidence exist there were a race named Aryans anywhere in the world.
For an example; Punjabi spoken peoples can be found any part of the world. If somebody asks where is your origin then they will point a demography where their spoken clan resides i. Sanskrit is the language that had developed in even recent past may be after destruction of Buddhism in India. If there was a race like Aryans then they must have a demography to support of their linguistic race; and if their language has been destructed then that destructed language should have similarities with this language; but unfortunately there is no language found in any other demography out site of India that is having any similarities to Sanskrit language.There are a number of striking similarities between Judaism and Hinduism, two of the world's oldest religions.
This is the second in a three-part series. Read the first here. The next morning, at 10am, I make my way to the Keneseth Eliyahoo synagogue in south Mumbai. The city has about 10 synagogues serving a population of about 4, Jews. The Gate of Mercy synagogue, built inis the oldest.
The Keneseth Eliyahoo was built in This powder-blue synagogue has two floors, carved wooden doors, stained-glass windows and a community centre. Former Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert and Madonna have been visitors.
This author's book debunks several myths associated with Mahatma Gandhi's assassination
But I, apparently, cannot enter. A guard named Samson stands guard at the entrance and says that prayers have commenced. He is polite but firm. Unless I am a known member of the community, or a friend, they cannot let me in. On 26 Novembera series of terrorist attacks shook Mumbai. I sit on the plastic chair outside the door, trying to indicate that I am not going anywhere. One of the security guards seems sympathetic to my request.
That is the difference between Indian Jews and outsiders. I nod and try to reach Yael Jhirad for help. Her line is busy. I call one of my other Jewish contacts, who asks for the name of the guard. Thankfully, Yael calls back at that moment. She tells me to hold tight.
Her brother Aaron is inside the synagogue. There are about 12 men on one side and two women on the other. The men are wearing what seems like a shawl across their shoulders and chanting in a singsong fashion.
It is as if their clothes, which probably made sense when these religions were invented, have been frozen in time.
No change since the early years of their evolution. The Jewish shawl over the shoulders reminds me of cold nights under the stars. The inside of Keneseth Eliyahoo is extremely warm.
Sweating men in beards nodding their heads to the singsong chant. Still, the synagogue has that preternatural peace that somehow descends on all places of worship—as if thousands of souls who have crossed its threshold have been chanted into submission.
Earlier, says Yael, the three groups of Indian Jews—the Cochinis, the Bene Israels and the Baghdadi Jews—all had their own synagogues, each with slight differences. But now, the Jewish community in India is so small that they all worship together. The Cochini Jews were based in Fort Cochin and there are hardly any left. The Baghdadis spoke Arabic and came from Yemen.A Peshwa is the titular equivalent of a modern Prime Minister.
They were leader in military expeditions and great strategist and expanded Maratha Empire. The Peshwas were all ministers who initially started as the chief executives to the king. The Peshwas held the highest administrative office and also controlled the Maratha confederacy. Under the Chitpavan Brahmin Bhat family they became the de facto hereditary administrators of the Maratha Empire from till its end in Sometime around this time, an individual of the Chitpavan community, Balaji Vishwanth Bhat arrived from Ratnagari to the Pune-Satara area.
He was brought there on the basis of his reputation of being an efficient administrator. He quickly gained the attention of Chhatrapati Shahu and his work so pleased the Chhatrapati that he was appointed the Peshwa or Chief Minister in Balaji was blessed by his spiritual preceptor Narayan Dikshit Patankar.
He ran a well-organized administration, and, by the time of his death inhe had laid the groundwork for the expansion of the Maratha Empire. With the accession of Balaji Baji Rao and his family to the supreme authority of the Maratha ConfederacyChitpavan immigrants began arriving en masse from the Konkan to Pune where the Peshwa offered all important offices his fellow-castemen. The Chitpavan kin were rewarded with tax relief and grants of land.
Historians cite nepotism and corruption as causes of the fall of the Maratha Empire in Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.
You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Email required Address never made public.A scientific research has concluded after extensive study of DNAs of various castes in India that Brahmins are in fact foreigner to the country they have been ruling for thousands of years. This three-part article will bring out some of the interesting facts.
Vilas KharatDirector, Dr. The Brahmins are the foreigners in India. There are thousands of evidences in Rig- Veda. There are many hymns slokas in the Rig- Veda depicting how Brahmins had attacked on the aboriginal Indians by different cunning tactics.
A Rig- Veda is the basic evidence of the Brahmins cunningness. Many evidences of the Brahmins being foreigners as well as the foreign invaders in India are seen in Rig- Veda.
The Brahmins are invaders; the Rig- Veda also gives evidences that they are very cruel and uncivilized peoples. After reading the Rig- Veda, I came to my honest opinion that, only Brahmins are the true terrorists in the World!
If anyone would write the history of terrorism in the World, then, he would be needed to start writing it from the events recorded in the Rig- Veda. In the 10th Mandala of Rig- Veda, the Varna system supportive bunk that is Purush-Sukta is written- at which time actually it was written? The Brahmins killed numerous aboriginal Naga peoples of India. After that, in order to prevent the future generations of these Nagas from raising their heads again, the Purush-sukta is attached to Rig- Veda by the Brahmins in later times to maintain their supremacy.
Dvij means a twice born upper caste Eurasian. One natural birth through the womb of his mother and another birth mean the authority of the Upanayana ceremony. The Brahmins another philosophy is that, they are born through the mouth of the Brahma; hence, the Brahmins are the great. According to this philosophy, the Brahmins are born through the mouth of the Brahma; hence, Brahmins are the great but are present Brahmins giving birth to their children from their mouth instead of giving natural births from their pregnant women?
Does any Brahmin get pregnant through his mouth? If this could be proved by any Brahmin then we will accept their greatness. For what the Brahmins are great?
Those cunning, heretic and lowly peoples used their Brains as like the prostitutes! These Brahmins only had created the Varna system and made the aboriginal Indians powerless by declaring them as the Shudras and then divided these Shudras into 6 thousand different castes in the later times. They separated one class among those Shudras and declared them as the untouchables.
The Brahmins also created the criminal tribes and the Nomadic tribes. They also enslaved the women and allotted them the status lower than that of the Shudra-Atishudras. The Brahmins own opinions stating that they are the foreigners.
At his time, it was generally accepted that the Brahmins are foreigners in India but there were different opinions regarding from where did they come? When the British were calling Brahmins as the foreigners in India, then, Brahmins, too, were accepting their opinions gladly. A reason behind this was that, it was a true fact but the other practical reason was that, Brahmins were suggesting to the British that, as like you, we too, are the foreigners in India; so, together we both would rule on these aboriginal Indians.